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There have been many different stories on Brexit and its consequences, but what are the issues that will affect you? This article will provide a simple and easy to follow guide on the main issues regarding Brexit and the many different websites and papers covering this ever changing story.

 One of the top issues generally covered is negotiations between the UK and EU and how these can affect the trade relationships, immigration policies and the Brexit bill overall. The vast majority of sources for these uncertainties have agreed on one thing: ‘No deal is better than a bad deal,’ may not be entirely correct. In an interview, David Davis [the Brexit secretary] stated that ‘No economic modelling has been done on abandoning negotiations,’ indicating that the ‘No deal,’ option has not been researched enough to get a clear view of the true consequence of a negotiation-free Brexit. Very little is known about negotiations other than this but it is clear that the government is focusing on a ‘Free trade, friction-free open agreement,’ rather than no agreement for Britain. If it is possible to achieve this, trade relationships with the EU will stay the same and there will be as little a change as possible in general policies, just without the obvious membership of the EU.

Immigration was one of the key reasons that persuaded people to vote leave during the 2016 referendum, but what is being done now to decrease the net migration to ‘A sustainable level,’ as described by Theresa May to be below 100000 people a year? The Prime Minister has stated that she will make immigration ‘A focus of Brexit negotiations,’ but has not shown any other key signs of progress towards this goal. At this point in time, net migration is around 273,000 people per year, of which 165,000 are EU migrants. Negotiations aim to stop the EU policy of free movement of people within the EU to Britain, instead producing some forms of requirements that would have to be met in order to move here. There could actually be problems for the UK if this happened. Although seeming preferable to large numbers within the British population, some sectors and industries may suffer as a result of the loss of EU workers. An article published for Sky news states that ‘The UK is facing a crisis in construction,’ if agreements on both the trade deals and immigration policies are not made in such a way that would allow EU workers to live/trade successfully in Britain. Many businesses are worried about immigration negotiations and what they would mean for EU residents in the UK. One cosmetics company has stated that the 20% of its EU workers who have not currently gained UK citizenship are feeling ‘Unwelcome and understandably upset,’ at the prospect of tougher immigration laws.


The trade deal remains a key focus of Brexit negotiations, but what’s it really all about? The current trade deal for the UK means that there is one set of requirements for products being exported all around the EU, but this may have to change, causing a possible increase in tariffs for exporters of 30-40% for exports in agriculture, and 10% for car manufacturers. In a report based on a survey of BCC [British chambers of commerce] members, it is stated that ‘a minority of companies have even taken mitigation strategies,’ in the face of growing uncertainty with regard to the trade deal. The popular quote used ‘No deal is better than a bad deal,’ is also causing increasing amounts of worry as the likelihood of having no trade deal is becoming more and more apparent.

Finally, the Brexit bill. This will consist of all UK debt owed to the EU, and talks about this subject will focus on settling these debts and finding the best possible exit route for both the UK and the EU. European commission President Jean-Claude Junker has warned that Britain will ‘Not walk away from the EU without paying a penny,’ causing significant worry for the government as to how  ‘Hefty,’ the final bill will become. It has become apparent that the UK has very little chance of leaving the EU without at least paying for debts and funding currently owed.

It is hoped that this article has cleared up some of the more confusing aspects of Brexit.

By Charlotte from Beaconsfield High school.

This article has used quotes from:

.BBC news

.SKY news

.the GUARDIAN and OBSERVER newspapers

This article has used photographs from:

.Getty images